6-K

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 6-K

 

 

REPORT OF FOREIGN PRIVATE ISSUER

PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-16 OR 15d-16

UNDER THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the month of August 2018    Commission File Number: 1-31349

 

 

THOMSON REUTERS CORPORATION

(Translation of registrant’s name into English)

 

 

333 Bay Street, Suite 400

Toronto, Ontario M5H 2R2, Canada

(Address of principal executive office)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover of Form 20-F or Form 40-F.

Form 20-F  ☐            Form 40-F  ☒

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1):  ☐

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7):  ☐

The information contained in Exhibit 99.1, Exhibit 99.2 and Exhibit 101 of this Form 6-K is incorporated by reference into, or as additional exhibits to, as applicable, the registrant’s outstanding registration statements.

Thomson Reuters Corporation is voluntarily furnishing certifications by its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Sections 302 and 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 as Exhibits 99.3-99.6 of this Form 6-K. 

 

 

 


SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

THOMSON REUTERS CORPORATION

(Registrant)

By:   

/s/ Marc E. Gold

  Name: Marc E. Gold
  Title:   Assistant Secretary
 

Date: August 10, 2018


EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit Number

  

Description

99.1    Management’s Discussion and Analysis
99.2    Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
99.3    Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
99.4    Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
99.5    Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
99.6    Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
101.INS    XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
101.CAL    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase
101.DEF    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase
101.LAB    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase
101.PRE    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase
EXHIBIT 99.1 - MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
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Exhibit 99.1

Management’s Discussion and Analysis

This management’s discussion and analysis is designed to provide you with a narrative explanation through the eyes of our management of how we performed, as well as information about our financial condition and future prospects. We recommend that you read this in conjunction with our consolidated interim financial statements for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, our 2017 annual consolidated financial statements and our 2017 annual management’s discussion and analysis. This management’s discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements, which are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, our 2018 outlook, statements regarding our proposed Financial & Risk strategic partnership and our expectations related to general economic conditions and market trends and their anticipated effects on our business segments. For additional information related to forward-looking statements and material risks associated with them, please see the “Outlook” and “Additional Information – Cautionary Note Concerning Factors That May Affect Future Results” sections of this management’s discussion and analysis. This management’s discussion and analysis is dated as of August 7, 2018.

We have organized our management’s discussion and analysis in the following key sections:

 

  Executive Summary – a brief overview of our business, a summary of the proposed Financial & Risk strategic partnership and key financial highlights     2  
  Results of Operations – a comparison of our current and prior-year period results     7  
  Liquidity and Capital Resources – a discussion of our cash flow and debt     15  
  Outlook – our current financial outlook for 2018     20  
  Related Party Transactions – a discussion of transactions with our principal and controlling shareholder, The Woodbridge Company Limited (Woodbridge), and others     22  
  Subsequent Events – a discussion of material events occurring after June  30, 2018 and through the date of this management’s discussion and analysis     22  
  Changes in Accounting Policies – a discussion of changes in our accounting policies and recent accounting pronouncements     22  
  Critical Accounting Estimates and Judgments – a discussion of critical estimates and judgments made by our management in applying accounting policies     22  
  Additional Information – other required disclosures     22  
  Appendix – supplemental information and discussion     24  

Unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, references in this discussion to “we,” “our,” “us” and “Thomson Reuters” are to Thomson Reuters Corporation and our subsidiaries.

Basis of presentation

We prepare our consolidated financial statements in U.S. dollars in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB).

In this management’s discussion and analysis, we discuss our results from continuing operations on both an IFRS and non-IFRS basis. Both bases, except for cash flow, exclude the results of our Financial & Risk business, which is reported as a discontinued operation, and include the results of acquired businesses from the date of purchase.

Use of non-IFRS financial measures

We use non-IFRS measures as supplemental indicators of our operating performance and financial position as well as for internal planning purposes and our 2018 business outlook. We believe non-IFRS financial measures provide more insight into our performance. Non-IFRS measures do not have standardized meanings prescribed by IFRS and therefore are unlikely to be comparable to the calculation of similar measures used by other companies, and should not be viewed as alternatives to measures of financial performance calculated in accordance with IFRS.

 

 

 

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Our non-IFRS financial measures include:

 

   

Adjusted EBITDA and the related margin;

   

Adjusted EBITDA less capital expenditures and the related margin;

   

Adjusted earnings and adjusted earnings per share (EPS);

   

Net debt; and

   

Free cash flow.

We also report changes in our revenues, operating expenses, adjusted EBITDA and related margin, and adjusted EPS before the impact of foreign currency or at “constant currency”. These measures remove the impacts from changes in foreign currency exchange rates in order to provide better comparability of our business trends from period to period.

See Appendix A of this management’s discussion and analysis for a description of our non-IFRS financial measures, including an explanation of why we believe they are useful measures of our performance, including our ability to generate cash flow. Refer to sections of this management’s discussion and analysis entitled “Results of Operations-Continuing Operations”, “Liquidity and Capital Resources” and Appendix B for reconciliations of our non-IFRS financial measures to the most directly comparable IFRS measures.

Glossary of key terms

We use the following terms in this management’s discussion and analysis.

 

Term

  Definition

bp

  Basis points – one basis point is equal to 1/100th of 1%; “100bp” is equivalent to 1%

constant currency

  A measure derived by applying the same foreign currency exchange rates to the financial results of the current and equivalent prior-year period

EPS

  Earnings per share

n/a

  Not applicable

n/m

  Not meaningful

organic or organically  

  A measure expressing growth of our existing businesses excluding impacts from acquisitions, dispositions and IFRS 15

$ and US$

  U.S. dollars

Executive Summary

Our company

We are a leading source of news and information for professional markets. Our customers rely on us to deliver the intelligence, technology and expertise they need to find trusted answers.

We live at a time when the amount of data is overwhelming, the regulatory environment is complex, markets move at breakneck speed and connectivity is expanding around the world. Our customers count on the accuracy of our information, the reliability of our systems and the relevance of our insights to help them navigate the changing worlds of commerce and regulation. We believe our workflow solutions make our customers more productive, by streamlining how they operate. Reuters is renowned for the integrity of its news. The principles of freedom from bias and access to information govern everything that we do.

We derive the majority of our revenues from selling solutions to our customers, primarily electronically and on a subscription basis. Many of our customers utilize our solutions as part of their workflows. We believe this is a significant competitive advantage as it has led to strong customer retention. Over the years, our business model has proven to be capital efficient and cash flow generative, and it has enabled us to maintain leading and scalable positions in our chosen market segments.

 

 

 

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Our continuing business is organized as three reportable segments supported by a corporate center:

 

  

 

 

Second Quarter 2018 Revenues

 

 

 

 

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     LOGO

 

  

Legal

A provider of critical online and print information, decision tools, software and services that support legal, investigation, business and government professionals around the world.

 

     LOGO

 

  

 

Tax & Accounting

A provider of integrated tax compliance and accounting information, software and services for professionals in accounting firms, corporations, law firms and government.

 

     LOGO

 

  

 

Reuters News

A provider of real-time, multimedia news and information services to newspapers, television and cable networks, radio stations and websites around the globe, as well as to our Financial & Risk business, which is classified as a discontinued operation (see the “Proposed Financial & Risk Strategic Partnership Transaction” section below).

 

We also operate:

 

   

A Global Growth Organization (GGO) that works across our business units to combine our global capabilities and to expand our local presence and development in countries and regions where we believe the greatest growth opportunities exist. GGO supports our businesses in: Latin America, China, India, the Middle East, Africa, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, North Asia, Russia and countries comprising the Commonwealth of Independent States and Turkey. We include the results of GGO within our reportable segments.

   

An Enterprise Technology & Operations (ET&O) group that drives the transformation of our company into a more integrated enterprise by unifying infrastructure across our organization, including technology platforms, data centers, real estate, products and services.

Organizational Changes

Effective July 1, 2018, we began to transition from a product-centric structure to a customer-centric structure. This marks a substantive change in our approach to move decision making closer to the customer so we can better serve our customers with our full suite of offerings. We appointed a Co-Chief Operating Officer to oversee our customer-facing operations, and we will remap our existing Legal and Tax & Accounting business units into the following customer segments:

 

   

Legal Professionals

   

Tax Professionals

   

Corporates

Additionally, we will report our global Print businesses as a separate segment, reflecting the way we manage this business. Reuters News will continue to be reported as a segment.

We also appointed a Co-Chief Operating Officer with responsibility for Operations & Enablement, who manages commercial and technology operations, including those around our sales capabilities, digital customer experience and product and content development.

We are in the process of implementing these organizational changes, and we expect to report our business under the new structure beginning with our fourth-quarter 2018 results.

 

 

 

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Proposed Financial & Risk Strategic Partnership Transaction

On January 30, 2018, we signed a definitive agreement to enter into a strategic partnership with private equity funds managed by Blackstone. Canada Pension Plan Investment Board and an affiliate of GIC will invest alongside Blackstone. As part of the transaction, we will sell a 55% majority stake in our Financial & Risk business and will retain a 45% interest in the business. Financial & Risk recently announced that its company name will be Refinitiv after the closing of the transaction.

We will maintain full ownership of our Legal, Tax & Accounting and Reuters News businesses. The transaction will enable us to focus on expanding our business and accelerating revenue growth in the legal, tax and accounting and regulatory market segments.

We expect to receive approximately $17.0 billion in gross proceeds at closing (subject to purchase price adjustments). We currently expect to use the proceeds of the transaction as follows:

 

(1)

Utilize between $1.5 billion and $2.5 billion to pay cash taxes, pension contributions, bond redemption costs and other fees and outflows related to the transaction, which includes $500 million to $600 million to reduce our cost base and make investments to reposition our company following the separation of the businesses;

(2)

Repay between $3.0 billion and $4.0 billion of debt, which would enable us to remain well below our target leverage ratio of net debt to adjusted EBITDA of 2.5:1;

(3)

Invest between $1.0 billion and $3.0 billion to fund focused acquisitions to bolster our position in key growth segments; and

(4)

Return the balance of approximately $9.0 billion to $10.0 billion to our shareholders. A significant portion of this return is expected to be through a substantial issuer bid/tender offer made to all common shareholders to purchase a portion of our outstanding common shares after the closing date of the transaction. Our principal shareholder, Woodbridge, is expected to participate pro rata in the substantial issuer bid/tender offer.

The transaction is expected to close early in the fourth quarter of 2018 and is subject to specified antitrust/competition and financial regulatory approvals and other customary closing conditions. Substantially all required regulatory approvals have been received.

On the closing date of the transaction, Reuters News and the new Financial & Risk partnership will enter into a 30-year agreement for Reuters News to supply news and editorial content to the partnership for a minimum amount of $325 million per year. For the duration of the news agreement, we will grant the Financial & Risk partnership a license to permit it to brand its products/services and company name with the “Reuters” mark, subject to applicable limitations and restrictions set forth in a trademark license agreement.

Upon closing of the transaction, our global workforce of 47,000 employees will be split between Thomson Reuters and the Financial & Risk partnership and we have informed staff of their designations. Approximately 20,000 employees will transfer from Thomson Reuters to the new partnership, including staff from our Corporate functions. Corporate staff will be primarily from ET&O and GGO, but will also include staff from our Finance, Human Resources, Legal, Strategy and Communications functions. We continue our planning to operationally separate the two businesses, including our shared technology infrastructure.

The proposed strategic partnership highlights our efforts and the success that we have had investing to stabilize and grow our financial services business over the last several years. We believe that our 45% equity stake in a well-positioned financial business with a strong strategic partner will also allow us to participate in the future upside for the business. We believe that Blackstone brings a deep understanding of the financial services ecosystem and a global footprint, and that it is well-positioned to identify and shape trends in the financial services industry, navigate ongoing industry consolidation and drive further efficiencies in the Financial & Risk business. We also believe that Blackstone has capacity and flexibility to invest for the long-term, both organically and inorganically. Blackstone and the new Financial & Risk partnership believe that through adoption of innovative technologies to increase automation, other efficiency initiatives and effective cost management, they can achieve a cost savings run rate of up to $650 million at the end of the five-year period following the closing of the transaction. A significant portion of these savings are planned to be reinvested in growth initiatives for the Financial & Risk business.

The information in this section is forward-looking and should be read in conjunction with the section entitled “Cautionary Note Concerning Factors That May Affect Future Results”.

Discontinued Operations

Financial & Risk is classified as a discontinued operation for 2018 reporting purposes. To facilitate a comparison with our 2017 results, prior-year period amounts in this management’s discussion and analysis have been restated to conform to the current period’s presentation. See the “Results of Discontinued Operations” section of this management’s discussion and analysis for additional information.

 

 

 

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Seasonality

Our revenues and operating profit on a consolidated basis do not tend to be significantly impacted by seasonality as we record a large portion of our revenues ratably over a contract term and our costs are generally incurred evenly throughout the year. However, the performance of the Tax & Accounting segment from quarter to consecutive quarter can be impacted by the release of certain tax products, which tend to be concentrated in the fourth quarter and, to a lesser extent, in the first quarter of the year. Additionally, the seasonality of our operating profit may be further impacted by the timing of our corporate costs, as we expect to incur significant costs to reposition our business following the completion of the Financial & Risk strategic partnership transaction (see the “Outlook” section of this management’s discussion and analysis).

Key Financial Highlights

Below are financial highlights from our second-quarter 2018 results, which are on a continuing operations basis, except where otherwise noted.

 

      Three months ended June 30,  
                   Change  
(millions of U.S. dollars, except per share amounts and margins)    2018      2017      Total      Constant
Currency
 

IFRS Financial Measures

           

Revenues

     1,311        1,280        2%     

Operating profit

     204        218        (6%)     

Diluted EPS (includes discontinued operations)

   $ 0.88      $ 0.27        226%     

Cash flow from operations (includes discontinued operations)

     803        834        (4%)           

Non-IFRS Financial Measures(1)

           

Revenues

     1,311        1,280        2%        2%  

Adjusted EBITDA

     348        380        (8%)        (8%)  

Adjusted EBITDA margin

     26.5%        29.7%        (320)bp        (290)bp  

Adjusted EPS

     $0.17      $ 0.19        (11%)        (11%)  

Free cash flow (includes discontinued operations)

     555        580        (4%)           

 

(1)

Refer to Appendix A for additional information on non-IFRS financial measures.

Our revenues increased 2% driven by recurring revenue growth. Operating profit, adjusted EBITDA and the related margin declined, largely reflecting costs and investments to reposition our business in anticipation of the separation of Financial & Risk from the rest of the company. Diluted EPS increased primarily due to higher net earnings from the Financial & Risk business because Financial & Risk assets held for sale are not depreciated, and also due to a benefit from fair value adjustments associated with foreign currency derivatives embedded in certain Financial & Risk customer contracts. Adjusted EPS, which excludes discontinued operations among other items, decreased due to lower adjusted EBITDA.

The decrease in cash flow from operations was primarily due to higher interest and tax payments. Free cash flow decreased due to the same factors as cash flow from operations.

In 2018, our priorities are to:

 

   

Separate the Financial & Risk business from Thomson Reuters. In anticipation of the proposed strategic partnership, we continue to separate our Financial & Risk business and Thomson Reuters into two stand-alone businesses. This involves separating employees, technology infrastructure and supplier contracts, as well as planning to execute transitional services after the closing of the transaction.

 

   

Reposition Thomson Reuters. As part of our efforts to accelerate the revenue growth of our continuing business, we are repositioning our company by building a more customer-centric operating model. We are focusing on delivering solutions that can apply advanced analytics to the combined data of our company, customers and third parties. We will continue to automate knowledge work by incorporating artificial intelligence, machine learning and cognitive computing. Additionally, as a result of the transaction, we are planning to realign our cost base for our remaining smaller company.

 

   

Grow through Digital Evolution. We believe that we can drive revenue growth from improved customer analytics and a more effective digital sales model. We plan to build a digital customer experience and sales channel for smaller tax and legal firms that make up a significant portion of our customer base. We are focused on making it easier for customers to buy our products and services. We also are prioritizing investing and expanding our position in the corporate market segment.

 

 

 

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2018 Outlook:

We recently reaffirmed our 2018 full-year business outlook that we originally communicated in May 2018. The following table sets forth our 2018 full-year business outlook for our continuing operations. For comparative purposes, 2017 actual amounts provided below have been restated to exclude Financial & Risk, which is classified as a discontinued operation for the full-year 2018.

Total Corporate costs are expected to be between $500 million and $600 million in 2018. In addition to core corporate costs, we expect to incur the following as part of our overall corporate costs:

 

   

Stranded costs, which we define as costs that will not be eliminated with the sale of the 55% interest in Financial & Risk, as well as costs due to dis-synergies from losing certain benefits of scale from the transaction; and

 

   

Costs and investments to reposition the ongoing Thomson Reuters business following the separation of Financial & Risk from the rest of the company.

 

  Non-IFRS Financial Measures(1)    2017 Actual(2)    2018 Outlook

  Revenues

   $5.3 billion    Low single digit growth (excludes any 2018 payments to Reuters News from Financial & Risk following the closing of the proposed strategic partnership transaction)

  Adjusted EBITDA

   $1.6 billion    Between $1.2 billion and $1.3 billion (including the corporate costs referred to below)

  Total Corporate costs

   $244 million    Between $500 million and $600 million (including stranded costs and investments to reposition our company following the separation of the businesses)

  Depreciation and amortization of computer software

   $496 million    Between $500 million and $525 million

  Capital expenditures, as a percentage of revenues

   9.9%    Approximately 10% of revenues

  Effective tax rate on adjusted earnings

   11.4%    Between 14% and 16%

 

(1)

Refer to Appendix A for additional information on non-IFRS financial measures.

 

(2)

Refer to Appendix C for details of our 2017 revenues and adjusted EBITDA as reported in our 2017 annual management’s discussion and analysis, and as revised to exclude our Financial & Risk business.

Our 2018 outlook assumes constant currency rates relative to 2017. The 2018 outlook does not factor in the impact of any acquisitions or divestitures that may occur during the year except for our planned sale of a 55% interest in the Financial & Risk business.

Additional information is provided in the “Outlook” section of this management’s discussion and analysis.

The information in this section is forward-looking and should also be read in conjunction with the section of this management’s discussion and analysis entitled “Cautionary Note Concerning Factors That May Affect Future Results”.

 

 

 

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Results of Operations—Continuing Operations

Consolidated results

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
                   Change                    Change  
(millions of U.S. dollars, except per share
amounts and margins)
   2018      2017      Total      Constant
Currency
     2018      2017      Total      Constant
Currency
 

IFRS Financial Measures

                       

Revenues

     1,311        1,280        2%           2,690        2,611        3%     

Operating profit

     204        218        (6%)           472        492        (4%)     

Diluted EPS from continuing operations

     $0.20        $0.07        186%                 $0.44        $0.26        69%           

Non-IFRS Financial Measures(1)

                       

Revenues

     1,311        1,280        2%        2%        2,690        2,611        3%        2%  

Adjusted EBITDA

     348        380        (8%)        (8%)        778        795        (2%)        (2%)  

Adjusted EBITDA margin

     26.5%        29.7%        (320)bp        (290)bp        28.9%        30.4%        (150)bp        (140)bp  

Adjusted EBITDA less capital expenditures

     217        256        (15%)           468        563        (17%)     

Adjusted EBITDA less capital expenditures

margin

     16.6%        20.0%        (340)bp           17.4%        21.6%        (420)bp     

Adjusted EPS

     $0.17        $0.19        (11%)        (11%)        $0.44        $0.44        -        -  

 

(1)

Refer to Appendix A for additional information on non-IFRS financial measures. Refer to Appendix B for a reconciliation of earnings of continuing operations to adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA less capital expenditures.

Foreign currency effects

As set forth in the table above, fluctuations in foreign exchange rates impact our results given our currency mix of revenues and expenses around the world. Average foreign exchange rates for the most significant foreign currencies that we transact in were as follows:

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
(U.S. dollars per unit, except where noted)    2018      2017     

U.S. Dollar
Strengthened/

(Weakened)
vs. Foreign
Currency

     2018      2017     

U.S. Dollar
Strengthened/

(Weakened)
vs. Foreign
Currency

 

British pound sterling

     1.361        1.279        (6.4%)        1.376        1.259        (9.3%)  

Euro

     1.192        1.100        (8.4%)        1.210        1.083        (11.7%)  

Japanese yen (100)

     0.916        0.900        (1.8%)        0.920        0.890        (3.4%)  

Canadian dollar

     0.775        0.744        (4.2%)        0.783        0.750        (4.4%)  

Revenues

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
                   Change                    Change  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    2018      2017      Total      Constant
Currency
     2018      2017      Total      Constant
Currency
 

Recurring revenues

     981        944        4%        4%        1,990        1,899        5%        4%  

Transactions revenues

     157        159        (1%)        (2%)        357        362        (1%)        (2%)  

Print revenues

     175        179        (2%)        (4%)        347        353        (2%)        (3%)  

Eliminations

     (2)        (2)                          (4)        (3)                    

Revenues

     1,311        1,280        2%        2%        2,690        2,611        3%        2%  

In both periods, revenues increased in total and in constant currency. The increases were due to higher recurring revenues, which more than offset declines in transaction and print revenues.

 

 

 

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Operating profit, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA less capital expenditures

Operating profit decreased in both periods as higher expenses more than offset higher revenues.

Adjusted EBITDA and the related margin declined due to the same factors as operating profit.

In both periods, adjusted EBITDA less capital expenditures and the related margin decreased due to lower adjusted EBITDA and higher capital expenditures, which were partly timing related.

Operating expenses

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
                   Change                    Change  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    2018      2017      Total      Constant
Currency
     2018      2017      Total      Constant
Currency
 

Operating expenses

     964        899        7%        6%        1,916        1,810        6%        4%  

Remove fair value adjustments(1)

     (1)        1                          (4)        6                    

Operating expenses, excluding fair value adjustments

     963        900        7%        6%        1,912        1,816        5%        4%  

 

(1)

Fair value adjustments primarily represent gains or losses due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates on intercompany balances that arise in the ordinary course of business.

Operating expenses, excluding fair value adjustments, increased in total and on a constant currency basis in the second quarter and six-month period primarily due to costs and investments incurred to reposition our business in anticipation of the separation of Financial & Risk from the rest of the company, including acceleration of digital strategies, organizational design initiatives and severance. The increase in expenses also reflected higher employee-related expenses, costs associated with new products, and charges associated with a long-term contract in Tax & Accounting’s Government business.

Depreciation and amortization

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    2018      2017      Change      2018      2017      Change  

Depreciation

     29        34        (15%)        59        62        (5%)  

Amortization of computer software

     100        93        8%        198        189        5%  

Subtotal

     129        127        2%        257        251        2%  

Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets

     28        35        (20%)        57        70        (19%)  

 

   

Depreciation and amortization of computer software on a combined basis increased in both periods as expenses associated with capital spending were higher than reductions from the completion of depreciation and amortization of assets acquired or developed in previous years.

   

Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets decreased in both periods primarily due to the completion of amortization for certain identifiable intangible assets acquired in previous years.

Other operating gains (losses), net

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    2018      2017      2018      2017  

Other operating gains (losses), net

     14        (1)        12        12  

In both periods of 2018, other operating gains, net, included a gain on the sale of a Canadian wholly-owned subsidiary to a company affiliated with our principal shareholder, Woodbridge (see the “Related Party Transactions” section of this management’s discussion and analysis for additional information). In the six-month period of 2017, other operating gains, net, included gains on investments.

 

 

 

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Net interest expense

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    2018      2017      Change      2018      2017      Change  

Net interest expense

     81        89        (9%)        159        181        (12%)  

Net interest expense decreased in both periods as certain long-term debt obligations were refinanced with commercial paper and credit facility borrowings, which bear lower interest rates.

Other finance (income) costs

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    2018      2017      2018      2017  

Other finance (income) costs

     (14)        60        (21)        88  

Other finance (income) costs included losses related to changes in foreign exchange contracts and gains or losses on the impact of fluctuations of foreign currency exchange rates on certain intercompany funding arrangements. The significant change in both periods of 2018 reflects the settlement of certain of these arrangements in the second half of 2017, as well as changes in foreign exchange rates.

Tax (benefit) expense

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    2018      2017      2018      2017  

Tax (benefit) expense

     (3)        15        24        26  

The tax (benefit) expense in each period reflected the mix of taxing jurisdictions in which pre-tax profits and losses were recognized. Because the geographical mix of pre-tax profits and losses in interim periods may be different from that for the full year, tax expense or benefit in interim periods is not necessarily indicative of tax expense for the full year.

Additionally, the comparability of our tax (benefit) expense was impacted by various transactions and accounting adjustments during each period. The following table sets forth certain components within income tax (benefit) expense that impact comparability from period to period, including tax (benefit) expense associated with items that are removed from adjusted earnings:

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    2018      2017      2018      2017  
Tax (benefit) expense            

Tax items impacting comparability:

           

Corporate tax rates(1)

     (14)        1        (14)        1  

Deferred tax adjustments

     -        5        2        5  

Subtotal

     (14)        6        (12)        6  

Tax related to:

           

Fair value adjustments

     -        (3)        -        (2)  

Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets

     (6)        (8)        (12)        (19)  

Other items

     -        (7)        1        1  

Subtotal

     (6)        (18)        (11)        (20)  

Total

     (20)        (12)        (23)        (14)  

 

(1)

Relates to changes in U.S. state deferred tax liabilities resulting from changes in apportionment factors and the proposed Financial & Risk strategic partnership transaction.

 

 

 

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Because the items described above impact the comparability of our tax expense or benefit for each period, we remove them from our calculation of adjusted earnings, along with the pre-tax items to which they relate. The computation of our adjusted tax expense is set forth below:

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    2018      2017      2018      2017  

Tax (benefit) expense

     (3)        15        24        26  

Remove: Items from above impacting comparability

     20        12        23        14  

Other adjustment:

           

Interim period effective tax rate normalization(1)

     2        (3)        (2)        2  

Total tax expense on adjusted earnings

     19        24        45        42  

 

(1)

Adjustment to reflect income taxes based on estimated full-year effective tax rate, including normalization of benefits from favorable developments in regard to tax disputes. Earnings or losses for interim periods under IFRS generally reflect income taxes based on the estimated effective tax rates of each of the jurisdictions in which we operate. The non-IFRS adjustment reallocates estimated full-year income taxes between interim periods, but has no effect on full-year income taxes.

Earnings and diluted EPS from continuing operations

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars, except per share amounts)    2018      2017      Change      2018      2017      Change  

Earnings from continuing operations

     142        47        202%        314        192        64%  

Diluted EPS from continuing operations

   $ 0.20      $ 0.07        186%      $ 0.44      $ 0.26        69%  

Earnings from continuing operations and the related per share amounts increased in both periods primarily due to benefits from other finance costs. Additionally, diluted EPS in the six-month period benefited from lower outstanding common shares due to share repurchases (see the “Liquidity and Capital Resources – Share Repurchases” section of this management’s discussion and analysis for additional information).

Adjusted earnings and adjusted EPS

 

     Three months ended June 30,     Six months ended June 30,  
                Change                 Change  

(millions of U.S. dollars, except per share amounts

and share data)

  2018     2017     Total     Constant
Currency
    2018     2017     Total     Constant
Currency
 

Net earnings

    657       206       219%         346       520       (33%)    

Adjustments to remove:

               

Fair value adjustments

    1       (1)           4       (6)      

Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets

    28       35           57       70      

Other operating (gains) losses, net

    (14)       1           (12)       (12)      

Other finance (income) costs

    (14)       60           (21)       88      

Share of post-tax (earnings) losses in equity method investments

    (2)       7           (4)       5      

Tax on above items(1)

    (6)       (18)           (11)       (20)      

Tax items impacting comparability(1)

    (14)       6           (12)       6      

Earnings from discontinued operations, net of tax

    (515)       (159)           (32)       (328)      

Interim period effective tax rate normalization(1)

    (2)       3           2       (2)      

Dividends declared on preference shares

    -       -                       (1)       (1)                  

Adjusted earnings

    119       140       (15%)         316       320       (1%)    

Adjusted EPS

    $0.17       $0.19       (11%)       (11%)       $0.44       $0.44       -       -  

Diluted weighted-average common shares (millions)

    710.1       722.5                       710.8       725.4                  

 

(1)

See the “Tax (benefit) expense” section above for additional information.

Adjusted earnings and the related per share amount decreased in the second quarter primarily due to lower adjusted EBITDA. In the six-month period, adjusted earnings decreased slightly and the related per share amount was unchanged due to a benefit from lower outstanding common shares due to share repurchases.

 

 

 

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Segment results

The following is a discussion of our three reportable segments for our continuing business for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018: Legal, Tax & Accounting and Reuters News. Beginning in the first quarter of 2018, Reuters News became a reportable segment. The Regulatory Intelligence and Compliance Learning businesses, which were previously reported as part of Financial & Risk business and generated approximately $69 million of annual revenues in 2017, will be retained after the closing of the proposed transaction and are now reported as part of the Legal segment.

We assess the performance of our reportable segments as follows:

Revenues

We present segment revenue growth at both actual foreign exchange rates and in constant currency. We assess revenue performance for each reportable segment, as well as the businesses within each segment, before the impact of currency (or at “constant currency”). We also analyze our revenue by three types, recurring, transactions and print, reflecting the nature of our business model. While much of our print revenues are recurring, we segregate our revenues from print products to highlight that our print revenues are steadily declining due to our customers’ preference for online products.

Segment adjusted EBITDA and segment adjusted EBITDA margin

 

   

Segment adjusted EBITDA represents earnings from continuing operations before tax expense or benefit, net interest expense, other finance costs or income, depreciation, amortization of software and other identifiable intangible assets, the company’s share of post-tax earnings or losses in equity method investments, other operating gains and losses, certain asset impairment charges, fair value adjustments, and corporate related items.

   

The company does not consider these excluded items to be controllable operating activities for purposes of assessing the current performance of the reportable segments.

   

Each segment includes an allocation of costs for centralized support services such as technology, editorial, real estate and certain global transaction processing functions that are based on usage or other applicable measures.

   

Segment adjusted EBITDA margin is segment adjusted EBITDA expressed as a percentage of revenues.

Our “Corporate” category includes expenses for corporate functions.

Legal

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
                   Change                    Change  
(millions of U.S. dollars, except margins)    2018      2017      Total      Constant
Currency
     2018      2017      Total      Constant
Currency
 

Recurring revenues

     640        613        4%        4%        1,277        1,217        5%        4%  

Transactions revenues

     79        77        3%        -        155        154        1%        (1%)  

Print revenues

     163        168        (3%)        (5%)        322        328        (2%)        (4%)  

Revenues

     882        858        3%        2%        1,754        1,699        3%        2%  

Segment adjusted EBITDA

     321        325        (1%)        (2%)        640        639        -        -  

Segment adjusted EBITDA margin

     36.4%        37.9%        (150)bp        (140)bp        36.5%        37.6%        (110)bp        (100)bp  

Revenues increased 2% on a constant currency basis in both periods as growth in recurring revenues, which comprise the majority of Legal’s revenues, more than offset the decline in print revenues. Transactions revenues, on a constant currency basis, were unchanged in the second quarter and declined slightly in the six-month period. Excluding print, Legal’s revenues increased 4% in the second quarter and in the six-month period.

 

 

 

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Revenue performance by line of business in constant currency was as follows:

 

  

 

Second Quarter 2018 Revenues

by Line of Business

 

   Global Solutions revenues include non-U.S. legal information and global software and services businesses. Global Solutions revenues increased 6% and 5% in the second quarter and six-month period, respectively, driven by 7% growth in recurring revenues (81% of the Global Solutions business) in both periods. Recurring revenue growth was partly offset by lower transactions revenues, which declined 1% in the second quarter and 2% in the six-month period, respectively. Revenues increased for U.K. Practical Law, FindLaw, Investigative & Public Records, and Elite, while revenues in Legal Managed Services were lower;

 

   U.S. Online Legal Information revenues increased 2% in both periods, due to growth in U.S. Practical Law; and

 

   Print revenues, which include U.S. and international print businesses, decreased 5% in the second quarter and 4% in the six-month period despite the contribution from a business acquired in the first quarter. For the full year, we expect Legal’s print revenues will decline approximately 6% organically, similar to the declines experienced in recent years.

  

 

LOGO

Legal’s segment adjusted EBITDA and the related margin decreased on a constant currency basis in the second quarter as higher revenues were more than offset by higher expenses. The increase in expenses included product and marketing investments related to the July 2018 launch of Westlaw Edge, a new legal research platform that utilizes advanced artificial intelligence, as well as higher employee-related costs to support growth and efficiency initiatives. Segment adjusted EBITDA was essentially unchanged in the six-month period and the decrease in the related margin reflected the same factors as the second quarter.

Tax & Accounting

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
                   Change                    Change  
(millions of U.S. dollars, except margins)    2018      2017      Total      Constant
Currency
     2018      2017      Total      Constant
Currency
 

Recurring revenues

     277        269        3%        4%        587        557        5%        6%  

Transactions revenues

     70        70        -        -        184        185        (1%)        (1%)  

Print revenues

     12        11        9%        9%        25        25        -        -  

Revenues

     359        350        3%        4%        796        767        4%        4%  

Segment adjusted EBITDA

     91        103        (12%)        (10%)        238        244        (2%)        (1%)  

Segment adjusted EBITDA margin

     25.3%        29.4%        (410)bp        (380)bp        29.9%        31.8%        (190)bp        (160)bp  

Revenues increased 4% on a constant currency basis in both periods driven by growth in recurring revenues, which comprise the majority of Tax & Accounting’s revenues. In the second quarter, transactions revenues were essentially unchanged and print revenues increased. In the six-month period, transactions revenues decreased and print revenues were unchanged.

Recurring revenue growth in the second quarter included a 1% negative impact from the January 1, 2018 adoption of a new accounting standard, IFRS 15. IFRS 15 did not impact total revenue growth in either period and we expect a nominal impact from the accounting standard on Tax & Accounting’s revenues for the full year.

 

 

 

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Revenue performance by line of business in constant currency was as follows:

 

   Corporate includes revenues from federal, state, local and international tax compliance, planning and management software and services. Corporate revenues increased 2% and 4% in the second quarter and six-month period, respectively, primarily due to growth in the ONESOURCE global tax compliance solutions and higher revenues in Latin America;

 

   Professional includes revenues from tax, accounting, payroll, document management, and practice management software and services. Professional revenues increased 10% and 8% in the second quarter and six-month period, respectively, primarily from growth in CS Professional Suite solutions for accounting firms and higher revenues in Latin America;

 

   Knowledge Solutions includes revenues from information, research, and certified professional education tools for tax and accounting professionals. Knowledge Solutions revenues increased 1% in the second quarter and six-month period, respectively, due to growth in Checkpoint revenues; and

 

   Government, which represents only 3% of Tax & Accounting’s revenues, includes integrated property tax management and land registry solutions. Government revenues increased 5% and 2% in the second quarter and six-month period, respectively.

  

 

Second Quarter 2018 Revenues
by Line of Business

 

  

 

 

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Tax & Accounting’s segment adjusted EBITDA and the related margins decreased on a constant currency basis in both the second quarter and six-month period as the impact of higher expenses more than offset higher revenues. The increase in expenses in both periods reflected charges on a long-term contract in the Government business as well as higher technology and employee-related expenses.

Tax & Accounting is a more seasonal business relative to our other businesses, with a higher percentage of its segment adjusted EBITDA historically generated in the fourth quarter and to a slightly lesser extent, the first quarter, due to the release of certain tax products. Small movements in the timing of revenues and expenses can impact quarterly margins. Full-year margins are more reflective of the segment’s performance. We expect Tax & Accounting’s full-year 2018 margin to be in line with, or marginally higher than the prior year.

Reuters News

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
                   Change                    Change  
(millions of U.S. dollars, except margins)    2018      2017      Total      Constant
Currency
     2018      2017      Total      Constant
Currency
 

Recurring revenues

     64        62        3%        (2%)        126        125        1%        (4%)  

Transactions revenues

     8        12        (33%)        (25%)        18        23        (22%)        (17%)  

Revenues

     72        74        (3%)        (5%)        144        148        (3%)        (6%)  

Segment adjusted EBITDA

     8        9        (11%)        (22%)        16        22        (27%)        (32%)  

Segment adjusted EBITDA margin

     11.1%        12.2%        (110)bp        (210)bp        11.1%        14.9%        (380)bp        (410)bp  

In both periods, revenues decreased on a constant currency basis primarily due to lower transactions revenues. Recurring revenues, which comprise the majority of Reuters News’ revenues, also declined slightly on a constant currency basis.

Segment adjusted EBITDA and the related margin for Reuters News decreased on a constant currency basis due to lower revenues.

Reuters News currently supplies news and editorial content to Financial & Risk. The costs to produce this content are currently allocated to our Financial & Risk business and therefore are included as part of discontinued operations, rather than as a component of Reuters News’ adjusted EBITDA. Upon the closing of the strategic partnership transaction, Reuters News will report these costs as part of its adjusted EBITDA. At the same time, Reuters News will begin to recognize revenue of $325 million per year under a new 30-year agreement to continue to supply news and editorial content to the Financial & Risk partnership. The revenue is expected to be largely offset by the associated expenses within the results of Reuters News.

 

 

 

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Corporate costs

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    2018      2017      2018      2017  

Corporate costs

     72        57        116        110  

The increase in corporate costs reflected investments to reposition our business in anticipation of the separation of Financial & Risk from the rest of our company, including acceleration of digital strategies, organizational design initiatives and severance.

Results of Discontinued Operations

Earnings from discontinued operations, net of tax, includes the following:

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    2018      2017      2018      2017  

Financial & Risk

     521        154        39        326  

Intellectual Property & Science (IP & Science)

     (6)        5        (7)        2  

Earnings from discontinued operations, net of tax

     515        159        32        328  

In the second quarter of 2018, earnings from the discontinued operations of Financial & Risk increased primarily because there was no depreciation and amortization expense, as assets held for sale are not depreciated. Earnings from discontinued operations also included a significant benefit from fair value adjustments associated with foreign currency derivatives embedded in certain customer contracts. Higher revenues also contributed.

In the six-month period of 2018, earnings from the discontinued operations of Financial & Risk reflected an $812 million deferred tax charge, most of which was recorded in the first quarter of 2018, associated with the proposed sale of a 55% interest in that business. A deferred tax benefit of $32 million was recorded in the second quarter due to a revision in estimate. These deferred taxes were not required before 2018 as the business was not considered held for sale until January 2018. The company estimates that a cash tax payment of approximately $300 million will arise later in 2018 in connection with the closing of the transaction, with the remainder deferred until such time as our company disposes of its 45% interest in the new partnership. The current and deferred tax consequences of the divestiture could vary significantly depending on the ultimate structure of the transaction.

Excluding the impact of the tax charge, the results of discontinued operations increased in the six-month period reflecting the benefit from the treatment of depreciation, as well as a benefit from fair value adjustments and higher revenues.

Refer to the “Financial & Risk” section below for additional details.

Amounts related to our former IP & Science business include residual expense and income items that were borne by our company following the sale in October 2016.

 

 

 

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Financial & Risk

Due to the continuing significance of the Financial & Risk business to our company, supplemental information about its performance is provided below. Following the closing of the strategic partnership transaction, we plan to continue to provide this information as well as information related to Financial & Risk’s debt, which will be incurred at the partnership level to finance part of the transaction.

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
                   Change                    Change  
(millions of U.S. dollars, except margins)    2018      2017      Total      Constant
Currency
     2018      2017      Total      Constant
Currency
 

Recurring revenues

     1,197        1,161        3%        2%        2,409        2,311        4%        2%  

Transactions revenues

     239        224        7%        7%        491        439        12%        10%  

Recoveries revenues

     117        116        1%        (3%)        236        236        -        (4%)  

Revenues

     1,553        1,501        3%        2%        3,136        2,986        5%        3%  

Segment adjusted EBITDA

     472        458        3%        4%        998        919        9%        7%  

Segment adjusted EBITDA margin

     30.4%        30.5%        (10)bp        50bp        31.8%        30.8%        100bp        120bp  

Cash flow from operations

     451        452        -           661        522        27%     

Free cash flow(1)

     289        313        (8%)           380        269        41%     

Capital expenditures

     138        117        18%                 246        222        11%           

 

(1)

Refer to Appendix A for additional information on non-IFRS financial measures.

Revenues increased 2% on a constant currency basis in the second quarter as 3% organic growth was partly offset by a 1% negative impact from the January 1, 2018 adoption of IFRS 15, all of which impacted transaction revenues. In the six-month period, revenues increased 3% in constant currency, all of which was organic. The revenue increases in both periods were due to growth in recurring and transactions revenues including the negative impact of IFRS 15. Organically, transactions revenues increased 14% and 15% in the second quarter and six-month period, respectively, primarily due to growth in Tradeweb and higher foreign exchange trading revenues.

Segment adjusted EBITDA and the related margin increased on a constant currency basis in both periods as higher revenues more than offset higher expenses. The second quarter included $39 million of costs to separate Financial & Risk from Thomson Reuters. Excluding these costs, segment adjusted EBITDA increased 13% and the margin increased 300bp in the second quarter. In the six-month period, segment adjusted EBITDA included $44 million of costs to separate Financial & Risk from Thomson Reuters. Excluding these costs, segment adjusted EBITDA increased 11% and the margin increased 260bp in the six-month period. Foreign currency negatively impacted segment adjusted EBITDA margin by 60bp and 20bp in the second quarter and six-month period, respectively, compared to the prior-year periods.

Cash flow from operations was essentially unchanged in the second quarter, but increased in the six-month period due to higher segment adjusted EBITDA and because the prior-year period included higher severance payments. Free cash flow decreased in the second quarter due to higher capital expenditures, but increased in the six-month period, reflecting the same factors as cash flow from operations, which were partly offset by higher capital expenditures.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our principal sources of liquidity are cash on hand, cash provided by our operations, our commercial paper programs and credit facilities. From time to time, we also issue debt securities. Our principal uses of cash are for debt repayments, debt servicing costs, dividend payments, capital expenditures, share repurchases and acquisitions. We believe that our existing sources of liquidity will be sufficient to fund our expected cash requirements in the normal course of business for the next 12 months.

We expect to receive approximately $17.0 billion in gross proceeds at the closing of our proposed transaction to create a strategic partnership and sell a 55% interest in our Financial & Risk business (subject to purchase price adjustments). We plan to take a balanced approach regarding the use of these proceeds. We expect to use between $1.5 billion and $2.5 billion for cash taxes, pension contributions, bond redemption costs and other fees and outflows related to the transaction, which includes $500 million to $600 million to reduce our cost base and make investments to reposition our company following the separation of Financial & Risk from the company. We expect to deploy the balance of the proceeds to return capital to our shareholders, repay debt and fund acquisitions (see the “Executive Summary - Proposed Financial & Risk Strategic Partnership” section of this management’s discussion and analysis for additional information). While we will continue to focus on driving organic revenue growth, we plan to supplement our capital strategy to drive growth through focused acquisitions to bolster our position in key growth segments.

 

 

 

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Cash flow

Summary of consolidated statement of cash flow

The following discussion relates to the total cash flows of our business, including discontinued operations.

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    2018      2017      $ Change      2018      2017      $ Change  

Net cash provided by operating activities

     803        834        (31)        1,222        466        756  

Net cash used in investing activities

     (225)        (220)        (5)        (539)        (595)        56  

Net cash used in financing activities

     (178)        (651)        473        (308)        (1,477)        1,169  

Increase (decrease) in cash and bank overdrafts

     400        (37)        437        375        (1,606)        1,981  

Translation adjustments

     (13)        3        (16)        (12)        5        (17)  

Cash and bank overdrafts at beginning of period

     844        800        44        868        2,367        (1,499)  

Cash and bank overdrafts at end of period

     1,231        766        465        1,231        766        465  

Cash and bank overdrafts at end of period comprised of:

                 

Cash and cash equivalents

     879        771        108        879        771        108  

Cash and cash equivalents in assets held for sale

     356        -        356        356        -        356  

Bank overdrafts

     (4)        (5)        1        (4)        (5)        1  

Operating activities. Net cash provided by operating activities decreased in the second quarter, primarily due to higher interest and tax payments, partly due to timing. Net cash provided by operating activities increased in the six-month period primarily because the prior-year period included a $500 million pension contribution and higher severance payments. In both periods, favorable working capital movements also contributed.

Investing activities. Net cash used in investing activities increased slightly in the second quarter due to higher capital expenditures. Net cash used in investing activities decreased in the six-month period as lower acquisition spending more than offset higher capital expenditures. Both periods included the proceeds from the sale of a building. In the six-month period of 2018, acquisition spending was $27 million compared to $183 million in the prior-year period. The acquisition spending in the prior-year period occurred primarily within the Financial & Risk business, which is classified as a discontinued operation.

Financing activities. Net cash used in financing activities decreased in the second quarter and six-month period as the current periods included net borrowings of debt, while the prior-year periods included net repayments of debt. Additionally, the six-month period included lower share repurchases. We returned $0.6 billion (2017 - $0.5 billion) and $0.8 billion (2017 - $1.1 billion) to our common shareholders through dividends and share repurchases in the second quarter and six-month period, respectively.

Additional information about our debt, dividends and share repurchases is as follows:

 

   

Commercial paper programs. Our $2.0 billion commercial paper programs provide cost-effective and flexible short-term funding. Issuances of commercial paper reached a peak of $2.0 billion during the six-month period of 2018, of which $1.7 billion was outstanding at June 30, 2018.

 

   

Credit facilities. The company has two credit facilities available:

 

  ¡   

The $2.4 billion credit facility matures in November 2021 and may be used to provide liquidity for general corporate purposes (including support for our commercial paper programs). In the six-month period of 2018, we borrowed and repaid $370 million under this credit facility. There were no borrowings under this credit facility at June 30, 2018. Based on our current credit ratings, the cost of borrowing under the agreement is priced at LIBOR/EURIBOR plus 100 basis points. We may request an increase in the lenders’ commitments up to a maximum amount of $3.0 billion, subject to approval by applicable lenders.

 

  ¡   

The $1.5 billion credit facility is comprised of a $0.5 billion term loan facility and a $1.0 billion revolving credit facility that expires on November 21, 2018. We had no borrowings under the term loan facility, which was available to fund acquisitions up to June 30, 2018. In the six-month period of 2018, we borrowed $1.0 billion and repaid $0.5 billion under this credit facility. The revolving credit facility may be used for general corporate purposes up to the expiration date. The cost of borrowing was priced at LIBOR plus 87.5 basis points.

 

 

 

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In the event that our debt rating is downgraded by Moody’s or Standard & Poor’s, our facility fees and borrowing costs may increase, although availability would be unaffected. Conversely, an upgrade in our ratings may reduce our facility fee and borrowing costs. We monitor the lenders that are party to our facilities and believe they continue to be able to lend to us.

We guarantee borrowings by our subsidiaries under the credit facilities. We must also maintain a ratio of net debt as of the last day of each fiscal quarter to EBITDA as defined in the credit agreements (earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization and other modifications described in the credit agreements) for the last four quarters ended of not more than 4.5:1. We were in compliance with this covenant at June 30, 2018.

 

   

Debt shelf prospectus. In July 2018, we filed a debt shelf prospectus under which we may issue up to $3.0 billion principal amount of debt securities from time to time through August 2020. We have not issued any debt securities under the prospectus.

 

   

Long-term debt. We repaid the following notes in the six months ended June 30, 2017:

 

Month/Year    Transaction    Principal Amount (in millions)
     Notes repaid     

February 2017

   1.30% Notes, due 2017    US$550

 

   

Credit ratings. Our access to financing depends on, among other things, suitable market conditions and the maintenance of suitable long-term credit ratings. Our credit ratings may be adversely affected by various factors, including increased debt levels, decreased earnings, declines in customer demand, increased competition, a further deterioration in general economic and business conditions and adverse publicity. Any downgrades in our credit ratings may impede our access to the debt markets or result in significantly higher borrowing rates.

Following the announcement of our proposed Financial & Risk strategic partnership transaction, several ratings agencies announced that our credit ratings were on negative watch. Our credit ratings have not changed in 2018 and through the date of this management’s discussion and analysis. However, in July 2018, Standard and Poor’s indicated that they will downgrade our long-term debt from BBB+ to BBB once the Financial & Risk transaction is consummated. Standard and Poor’s also affirmed, and removed from negative watch, our A-2 short-term credit rating. Our credit ratings continue to be subject to change in the future as a result of the proposed transaction or otherwise.

The following table sets forth the credit ratings that we have received from rating agencies in respect of our outstanding securities as of the date of this management’s discussion and analysis:

 

         
      Moody’s    Standard & Poor’s    DBRS Limited    Fitch

Long-term debt

   Baa2    BBB+    BBB (high)    BBB+

Commercial paper

   P-2    A-2    R-2 (high)    F2

Trend/Outlook

   Negative Watch    Negative Watch(1)    Stable    Negative Watch

 

  (1)

Relates only to long-term debt.

These credit ratings are not recommendations to purchase, hold, or sell securities and do not address the market price or suitability of a specific security for a particular investor.

 

   

Dividends. Dividends on our common shares are declared in U.S. dollars. In our consolidated statement of cash flow, dividends paid on common shares are shown net of amounts reinvested in our company under our dividend reinvestment plan (DRIP). Registered holders of common shares may participate in our DRIP, under which cash dividends are automatically reinvested in new common shares.

Details of dividends declared per common share and dividends paid on common shares are as follows:

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars, except per share amounts)    2018      2017      2018      2017  

Dividends declared per share

   $ 0.345      $ 0.345      $ 0.69      $ 0.69  

Dividends declared

     245        249        490        500  

Dividends reinvested

     (6)        (8)        (15)        (17)  

Dividends paid

     239        241        475        483  

 

 

 

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Share repurchases. We may buy back shares (and subsequently cancel them) from time to time as part of our capital strategy. Share repurchases are effected under a normal course issuer bid (NCIB). In May 2018, we renewed our NCIB for an additional 12 months. Under the renewed NCIB, we may repurchase up to 35.5 million common shares between May 30, 2018 and May 29, 2019 in open market transactions on the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX), the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and/or other exchanges and alternative trading systems, if eligible, or by such other means as may be permitted by the TSX and/or NYSE or under applicable law, including private agreement purchases if we receive an issuer bid exemption order from applicable securities regulatory authorities in Canada for such purchases. The price that our company will pay for shares in open market transactions under the NCIB will be the market price at the time of purchase or such other price as may be permitted by TSX. In the six-month period of 2017, we privately repurchased 6.0 million common shares at a discount to the then-prevailing market price.

Details of share repurchases were as follows:

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
      2018      2017      2018      2017  

Share repurchases (millions of U.S. dollars)

     359        294        359        578  

Shares repurchased (number in millions)

     9.1        6.7        9.1        13.5  

Share repurchases—average price per share in U.S. dollars

   $ 39.54      $ 43.73      $ 39.54      $ 42.70  

In the second quarter of 2018, we announced that we may buy back of up to $1.5 billion of our shares under the company’s NCIB. Any repurchases in 2018 under the NCIB program prior to the closing of the proposed Financial & Risk transaction will be included in the contemplated $9.0 billion to $10.0 billion of returns to shareholders mentioned earlier in this management’s discussion and analysis. As noted earlier, a significant portion of these returns are expected to be through a substantial issuer bid/tender offer, which may be at a premium to the then-current market price of the company’s shares. Our principal shareholder, Woodbridge, is expected to participate pro rata in the substantial issuer bid/tender offer.

Decisions regarding any future repurchases will depend on the timing of the closing of the proposed strategic partnership transaction and other factors, such as market conditions, share price and other opportunities to invest capital for growth. We may elect to suspend or discontinue our share repurchases at any time, in accordance with applicable laws. From time to time when we do not possess material nonpublic information about ourselves or our securities, we may enter into a pre-defined plan with our broker to allow for the repurchase of shares at times when we ordinarily would not be active in the market due to our own internal trading blackout periods, insider trading rules or otherwise. Any such plans entered into with our broker will be adopted in accordance with applicable Canadian securities laws and the requirements of Rule 10b5-1 under the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. In June 2018, we entered into such a plan with our broker. In connection with the remaining portion of this plan, we recorded a $967 million liability in “Other financial liabilities” within current liabilities at June 30, 2018 with a corresponding amount recorded in equity in the consolidated statement of financial position.

Free cash flow

The following discussion relates to the total cash flows of our business, including discontinued operations.

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    2018      2017      2018      2017  

Net cash provided by operating activities

     803        834        1,222        466  

Capital expenditures

     (131)        (124)        (310)        (232)  

Proceeds from disposals of property and equipment

     27        -        27        -  

Capital expenditures from discontinued operations

     (138)        (117)        (246)        (222)  

Other investing activities

     18        9        18        15  

Dividends paid on preference shares

     -        -        (1)        (1)  

Dividends paid to non-controlling interests from discontinued operations

     (24)        (22)        (35)        (31)  

Free cash flow

     555        580        675        (5)  

Free cash flow decreased in the second quarter primarily due to lower cash flow from operating activities. Despite higher capital expenditures in the six-month period, free cash flow increased due to significantly higher cash flow from operating activities.

 

 

 

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Financial position

Our total assets were $27.0 billion at June 30, 2018, an increase of $0.5 billion from December 31, 2017. The increase was primarily due to higher cash and cash equivalents, which reflected timing of borrowings and repayments of commercial paper and capital expenditures. These increases were partly offset by depreciation of fixed assets and amortization of computer software and other identifiable intangible assets.

At June 30, 2018, the carrying amounts of our total current liabilities (excluding liabilities held for sale) exceeded the carrying amounts of our total current assets (excluding assets held for sale) by $3.3 billion. Of this amount, current liabilities included $2.6 billion of current indebtedness, most of which we expect to repay with the proceeds from the proposed strategic partnership transaction. We believe that we can refinance this amount at any time if needed. Current liabilities also include $0.8 billion of deferred revenue, which arises from the sale of subscription-based products and services that many customers pay for in advance. The cash received from these advance payments is used to currently fund the operating, investing and financing activities of our business. However, for accounting purposes, these advance payments must be deferred and recognized over the term of the subscription. As such, we typically reflect a negative working capital position in our consolidated statement of financial position. In the ordinary course of business, deferred revenue does not represent a cash obligation, but rather an obligation to perform services or deliver products. Therefore, we believe this portion of our negative working capital position at June 30, 2018 was not indicative of a liquidity issue, but rather an outcome of the required accounting for our business model.

Net debt(1)

 

      June 30,      December 31,  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    2018      2017  

Current indebtedness

     2,595        1,644  

Long-term indebtedness

     4,936        5,382  

Total debt

     7,531        7,026  

Swaps

     305        246  

Total debt after swaps

     7,836        7,272  

Remove fair value adjustments for hedges(2)

     19        9  

Total debt after currency hedging arrangements

     7,855        7,281  

Remove transaction costs and discounts included in the carrying value of debt

     55        59  

Less: cash and cash equivalents(3)

     (879)        (874)  

Less: cash and cash equivalents in assets held for sale(4)

     (356)        -  

Net debt

     6,675        6,466  

 

(1)

Net debt is a non-IFRS financial measure, which we define in Appendix A of this management’s discussion and analysis.

 

(2)

Represents the interest-related fair value component of hedging instruments that are removed to reflect net cash outflow upon maturity.

 

(3)

Includes cash and cash equivalents of $20 million and $126 million at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, held in subsidiaries which have regulatory restrictions, contractual restrictions or operate in countries where exchange controls and other legal restrictions apply and are therefore not available for general use by our company.

 

(4)

Includes $109 million of cash and cash equivalents at June 30, 2018 that is not available for general use by our company due to the same restrictions described in note (3) above.

At June 30, 2018, our total debt position (after swaps) was $7.8 billion. The maturity dates for our term debt are well balanced with no significant concentration in any one year. Our next scheduled long-term debt maturity does not occur until May 2019. At June 30, 2018, the average maturity of our term debt (total debt excluding commercial paper and credit facilities) was approximately nine years at an average interest rate (after swaps) of less than 5%. We currently intend to use between $3.0 billion and $4.0 billion of the proceeds from the proposed Financial & Risk strategic partnership transaction to repay debt. If we repay that amount after closing, we would remain well below our target leverage ratio of net debt to adjusted EBITDA of 2.5:1.

Off-balance sheet arrangements, commitments and contractual obligations

For a summary of our other off-balance sheet arrangements, commitments and contractual obligations please see our 2017 annual management’s discussion and analysis. There were no material changes to these arrangements, commitments and contractual obligations during the six months ended June 30, 2018.

 

 

 

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Contingencies

Lawsuits and legal claims

We are engaged in various legal proceedings, claims, audits and investigations that have arisen in the ordinary course of business. These matters include, but are not limited to, employment matters, commercial matters, defamation claims and intellectual property infringement claims. The outcome of all of the matters against us is subject to future resolution, including the uncertainties of litigation. Based on information currently known to us and after consultation with outside legal counsel, management believes that the ultimate resolution of any such matters, individually or in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse impact on our financial condition taken as a whole.

Uncertain tax positions

We are subject to taxation in numerous jurisdictions and we are routinely under audit by many different taxing authorities in the ordinary course of business. There are many transactions and calculations during the course of business for which the ultimate tax determination is uncertain, as taxing authorities may challenge some of our positions and propose adjustments or changes to our tax filings.

As a result, we maintain provisions for uncertain tax positions that we believe appropriately reflect our risk. These provisions are made using our best estimate of the amount expected to be paid based on a qualitative assessment of all relevant factors. We review the adequacy of these provisions at the end of each reporting period and adjust them based on changing facts and circumstances. Due to the uncertainty associated with tax audits, it is possible that at some future date, liabilities resulting from such audits or related litigation could vary significantly from our provisions. However, based on currently enacted legislation, information currently known to us and after consultation with outside tax advisors, management believes that the ultimate resolution of any such matters, individually or in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse impact on our financial condition taken as a whole.

For additional information, please see the “Risk Factors” section of our 2017 annual report, which contains further information on risks related to tax matters.

Outlook

The information in this section is forward-looking and should be read in conjunction with the part of the “Additional Information” section below entitled “Cautionary Note Concerning Factors That May Affect Future Results”.

We recently reaffirmed our 2018 full-year business outlook that was first communicated in May 2018. Consistent with prior years, our guidance is provided before currency. Our outlook for revenue growth and adjusted EBITDA:

 

   

Assumes constant currency rates relative to 2017;

   

Excludes the Financial & Risk business, which has been classified as a discontinued operation; and

   

Does not factor in the impact of acquisitions or divestitures that may occur during the year except for the company’s planned sale of a 55% interest in the Financial & Risk business.

 

 

 

 

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The following table sets forth our 2018 financial outlook for revenue growth and adjusted EBITDA, as well as the material assumptions and the material risks that may cause actual performance to differ materially from our expectations for those measures.

 

   Revenues expected to grow low single digits (excludes any 2018 payments to Reuters News from Financial & Risk following the closing of the proposed strategic partnership transaction)

   Material assumptions

      Material risks

     Gross domestic product (GDP) growth in most of the countries where we operate

 

     Continued demand for products and services that help customers navigate changing geopolitical, economic and regulatory environments

 

     An increase in demand for information and workflow solutions

 

     Accelerated growth in Legal & Tax & Accounting businesses due to increased focus

  

     Global economic uncertainty due to factors including continued regulatory reform around the world, changes in the political environment may limit business opportunities for our customers, lowering their demand for our products and services

 

    Demand for our products and services could be reduced by changes in customer buying patterns, or our inability to execute on key product or customer support initiatives

 

    Pressure on certain customers, in developed markets in particular, may constrain the number of professionals employed

 

    Competitive pricing actions could impact our revenues

 

     Our sales and product initiatives may be insufficient to retain customers or generate new sales

 

   Adjusted EBITDA to be between $1.2 billion and $1.3 billion (including the corporate costs referred to below)

   Material assumptions

      Material risks

    Revenues expected to grow at low single digits

 

     Business mix continues to shift to higher-growth product offerings

 

     Continued investment in growth markets, customer service, product development and digital capabilities

 

     The proposed Financial & Risk strategic partnership transaction closes early in the fourth quarter of 2018

 

     The costs to separate the Financial & Risk business from Thomson Reuters, as well as our ability to reduce our cost base, are in line with our estimates

  

    Same as the risks above related to the revenue outlook

 

     The costs of required investments exceed expectations or actual returns are below expectations

 

     Acquisition and disposal activity may dilute adjusted EBITDA

 

     We are unable to close the proposed Financial & Risk strategic partnership transaction, or the closing may take longer than expected

 

     Our estimate of costs to separate our businesses as well as our estimates regarding the reduction of our cost base may be inaccurate

 

For the full year of 2018, we expect corporate costs to be between $500 million and $600 million and that they will increase over the balance of the year. The 2018 estimate is comprised of:

 

   

Approximately $140 million of core corporate costs;

   

Approximately $150 million of stranded costs, which we define as costs that will not be eliminated with the sale of the 55% interest in Financial & Risk, as well as costs due to dis-synergies from losing certain benefits of scale from the transaction; and

   

Between $200 million and $300 million for investments to reposition the ongoing Thomson Reuters business following the separation of Financial & Risk from the rest of the company, including reducing the stranded costs, replacing operating and technology capabilities lost through the sale of a 55% interest in Financial & Risk, and investments to better position Thomson Reuters for the future.

Additionally, we expect that our corporate costs in 2019 and 2020 will be impacted by the following:

 

   

Stranded costs should gradually decline to approximately $100 million in 2019 and to $50 million or less by the end of 2020; and

   

In 2019, we expect to spend an additional $250 million to $300 million to separate and reposition the remaining business.

We expect depreciation and amortization of computer software to be between $500 million and $525 million, capital expenditures to approximate 10% of revenues, and our 2018 effective tax rate to be between 14% and 16%, assuming no material changes in current tax laws or treaties to which we are subject. Our expectation for the full-year tax rate reflects the impact of anticipated spending in the second half of 2018 to separate and reposition our business in connection with the disposition of a 55% interest in the Financial & Risk business.

Our Outlook contains various non-IFRS financial measures. For Outlook purposes only, we are unable to reconcile these non-IFRS measures to the most comparable IFRS measures because we cannot predict, with reasonable certainty, the 2018 impact of changes in foreign exchange rates which impact (i) the translation of our results reported at average foreign currency rates for the year and (ii) other finance income or expense related to foreign exchange contracts and intercompany financing arrangements. Additionally, we cannot reasonably predict the occurrence or amount of other operating gains and losses, which generally arise from business transactions we do not anticipate.

 

 

 

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Related Party Transactions

As of August 7, 2018, Woodbridge beneficially owned approximately 64% of our shares.

In April 2018, we sold a Canadian wholly-owned subsidiary to a company affiliated with Woodbridge for $16 million. The subsidiary’s assets consisted of accumulated losses that management did not expect to utilize against future taxable income prior to their expiry. As such, no tax benefit for the losses had been recognized in our consolidated financial statements. Under Canadian law, certain losses may only be transferred to related companies, such as those affiliated with Woodbridge. We recorded a gain of $16 million within “Other operating gains (losses), net” within the consolidated income statement. In connection with this transaction, our board of directors’ Corporate Governance Committee obtained an independent fairness opinion. We utilized the independent fairness opinion to determine that the negotiated price between us and the purchaser was reasonable. After receiving the recommendation of the Corporate Governance Committee, the board of directors approved the transaction. Directors who were not considered independent because of their positions with Woodbridge refrained from deliberating and voting on the matter at both the committee and board meetings.

Except for the above transaction, there were no new significant related party transactions during the six months ended June 30, 2018. Please refer to the “Related Party Transactions” section of our 2017 annual management’s discussion and analysis, which is contained in our 2017 annual report, as well as note 29 of our 2017 annual consolidated financial statements for information regarding related party transactions.

Subsequent Events

There were no material events occurring after June 30, 2018 through the date of this management’s discussion and analysis.

Changes in Accounting Policies

Please refer to the “Changes in Accounting Policies” section of our 2017 annual management’s discussion and analysis, which is contained in our 2017 annual report, as well as notes 1 and 2 of our consolidated interim financial statements for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, for information regarding changes in accounting policies.

Critical Accounting Estimates and Judgments

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments about the future. Estimates and judgments are continually evaluated and are based on historical experience and other factors, including expectations of future events that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Please refer to the “Critical Accounting Estimates and Judgments” section of our 2017 annual management’s discussion and analysis, which is contained in our 2017 annual report, for additional information, as well as note 3 of our consolidated interim financial statements for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, for information regarding changes on our critical accounting judgments.

Additional Information

Disclosure controls and procedures

Our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, after evaluating the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in applicable U.S. and Canadian securities law) as of the end of the period covered by this management’s discussion and analysis, have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that all information that we are required to disclose in reports that we file or furnish under the U.S. Securities Exchange Act and applicable Canadian securities law is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the SEC and Canadian securities regulatory authorities and (ii) accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Internal control over financial reporting

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with IFRS.

 

 

 

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We are engaged in the following long-term efficiency initiative which impacts our financial reporting:

 

   

We are enhancing our order-to-cash (OTC) applications and related workflow processes in phases over multiple years. Key elements of the OTC solutions are order management, billing, cash management and collections functionality. We expect to reduce the number of applications and to streamline and automate processes across our organization through this initiative.

As we are implementing this initiative in phases over an extended period, the nature and extent of activity will vary by quarter. In certain quarters, we may have limited or no activity.

The initiative could result in material changes to our internal control over financial reporting depending on the nature and volume of work completed as we will continue to modify the design and documentation of the related internal control processes and procedures, as necessary. Except as described above, there was no change in our internal control over financial reporting during the last fiscal quarter of 2018 that materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

Additionally, when the Financial & Risk strategic partnership transaction closes, the company will separate its Financial & Risk business from the rest of its business. The separation is expected to include the transfer of a significant number of employees who perform accounting and reporting functions. While management does not anticipate material changes in key controls over our financial reporting processes, a number of key controls will be performed under transition service arrangements between Thomson Reuters and the Financial & Risk strategic partnership.

Share capital

As of August 7, 2018, we had outstanding 700,087,362 common shares, 6,000,000 Series II preference shares, 10,948,191 stock options and a total of 5,305,233 time-based restricted share units and performance restricted share units. We have also issued a Thomson Reuters Founders Share which enables Thomson Reuters Founders Share Company to exercise extraordinary voting power to safeguard the Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

Public securities filings and regulatory announcements

You may access other information about our company, including our 2017 annual report (which contains information required in an annual information form) and our other disclosure documents, reports, statements or other information that we file with the Canadian securities regulatory authorities through SEDAR at www.sedar.com and in the United States with the SEC at www.sec.gov. These filings also include additional information about our proposed Financial & Risk strategic partnership.

Cautionary note concerning factors that may affect future results

Certain statements in this management’s discussion and analysis are forward-looking, including, but not limited to, statements about the proposed Financial & Risk strategic partnership transaction (including the anticipated timing of the closing of the transaction and the expected uses of proceeds from the transaction), the “Outlook” and “Executive Summary” sections, and statements regarding our Legal print business and our Tax & Accounting segment’s full-year adjusted EBITDA margin. The words “expect”, “believe”, “target” and “will” and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from current expectations. These forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and reflect our company’s current expectations. As a result, forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from current expectations. Certain factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from current expectations are discussed in the “Outlook” section above. Additional factors are discussed in the “Risk Factors” section of our 2017 annual report and in materials that we from time to time file with, or furnish to, the Canadian securities regulatory authorities and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. There is no assurance that a transaction involving all or part of the Financial & Risk business will be completed or that the events described in any other forward-looking statement will materialize. Our Outlook is provided for the purpose of providing information about current expectations for 2018. This information may not be appropriate for other purposes. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which reflect our expectations only as of the date of this management’s discussion and analysis. Except as may be required by applicable law, we disclaim any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements.

 

 

 

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Appendix A

Non-IFRS Financial Measures

We use non-IFRS financial measures as supplemental indicators of our operating performance and financial position. Additionally, we use non-IFRS measures as performance metrics as the basis for management incentive programs. These measures do not have any standardized meaning prescribed by IFRS and therefore are unlikely to be comparable to the calculation of similar measures used by other companies. Except for free cash flow, all our non-IFRS measures exclude the results of our Financial & Risk business, which was reported as a discontinued operation.

The following table sets forth our non-IFRS financial measures, including an explanation of why we believe they are useful measures of our performance. Reconciliations for the most directly comparable IFRS measure are reflected in our management’s discussion and analysis.

 

 

   How We Define It

  

 

Why We Use It and Why It Is Useful to Investors

 

 

Most Directly Comparable

IFRS Measure/Reconciliation

 

 

Segment adjusted EBITDA, consolidated adjusted EBITDA and the related margins

 

 

Segment adjusted EBITDA represents earnings from continuing operations, or for Financial & Risk, earnings from discontinued operations, before tax expense or benefit, net interest expense, other finance costs or income, depreciation, amortization of software and other identifiable intangible assets, our share of post-tax earnings or losses in equity method investments, other operating gains and losses, certain asset impairment charges, fair value adjustments and corporate related items.

 

Consolidated adjusted EBITDA is comprised of segment adjusted EBITDA from each reportable segment and Corporate.

 

The related margins are expressed as a percentage of revenues.

 

  

 

Provides a consistent basis to evaluate operating profitability and performance trends by excluding items that we do not consider to be controllable activities for this purpose.

 

Represents a measure commonly reported and widely used by investors as a valuation metric. Additionally, this measure is used to assess our ability to incur and service debt.

 

 

Earnings from continuing operations

 

Adjusted EBITDA less capital expenditures and the related margin

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA less capital expenditures. The related margin is expressed as a percentage of revenues.

  

 

Provides a basis for evaluating the operating profitability and capital intensity of a business in a single measure. This measure captures investments regardless of whether they are expensed or capitalized.

 

 

 

Earnings from continuing operations

 

Adjusted earnings and adjusted EPS

 

Net earnings and per share:

 excluding the post-tax impacts of fair value adjustments, amortization of other identifiable intangible assets, other operating gains and losses, certain impairment charges, other net finance costs or income, our share of post-tax earnings or losses in equity method investments, discontinued operations and other items affecting comparability. We calculate the post-tax amount of each item excluded from adjusted earnings based on the specific tax rules and tax rates associated with the nature and jurisdiction of each item.

 We also deduct dividends declared on preference shares.

 

Adjusted EPS is calculated using diluted weighted-average shares.

 

   Provides a more comparable basis to analyze earnings and is also a measure commonly used by shareholders to measure our performance.   Net earnings and diluted earnings per share

 

 

 

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   How We Define It

  

 

Why We Use It and Why It Is Useful to Investors

 

 

Most Directly Comparable

IFRS Measure/Reconciliation

 

 

    Adjusted earnings and adjusted EPS (continued)

 

 

In interim periods, we also adjust our reported earnings and earnings per share to reflect a normalized effective tax rate. Specifically, the normalized effective rate is computed as the estimated full-year effective tax rate applied to pre-tax adjusted earnings of the interim period. The reported effective tax rate is based on separate annual effective income tax rates for each taxing jurisdiction that are applied to each interim period’s pre-tax income.

  

 

Because the geographical mix of pre-tax profits and losses in interim periods may be different from that for the full year, our effective tax rate computed in accordance with IFRS may be more volatile by quarter. Therefore, we believe that using the expected full-year effective tax rate provides more comparability among interim periods. The adjustment to normalize the effective tax rate reallocates estimated full-year income taxes between interim periods, but has no effect on full year tax expense or on cash taxes paid.

 

   

 

Net debt

 

 

Total indebtedness, including the associated fair value of hedging instruments, but excluding the associated unamortized transaction costs and premiums or discounts and the interest-related fair value component of hedging instruments, less cash and cash equivalents.

  

 

Provides a commonly used measure of a company’s leverage.

 

Given that we hedge some of our debt to reduce risk, we include hedging instruments as we believe it provides a better measure of the total obligation associated with our outstanding debt. However, because we intend to hold our debt and related hedges to maturity, we do not consider the interest components of the associated fair value of hedges in our measurements. We reduce gross indebtedness by cash and cash equivalents.

 

 

 

Total debt (current indebtedness plus long-term indebtedness)

 

Free cash flow (includes free cash flow from continuing and discontinued operations)

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities, proceeds from disposals of property and equipment, and other investing activities, less capital expenditures, dividends paid on our preference shares, and dividends paid to non-controlling interests from discontinued operations.

 

  

 

Helps assess our ability, over the long term, to create value for our shareholders as it represents cash available to repay debt, pay common dividends and fund share repurchases and new acquisitions.

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

 

Changes before the impact of foreign currency or at “constant currency”

 

 

Applicable measures where changes are reported before the impact of foreign currency or at “constant currency”

 

IFRS Measures:

 Revenues

 Operating expenses

 

Non-IFRS Measures:

 Adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin

 Adjusted EPS

  

 

Provides better comparability of business trends from period to period.

 

Our reporting currency is the U.S. dollar. However, we conduct a significant amount of our activities in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. We measure our performance before the impact of foreign currency (or at “constant currency”), which means that we apply the same foreign currency exchange rates for the current and equivalent prior period. To calculate the foreign currency impact between periods, we convert the current and equivalent prior period’s local currency results using the same foreign currency exchange rate.

 

 

 

For each non-IFRS measure, refer to the definitions above for the most directly comparable IFRS measure.

 

 

 

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Appendix B

This appendix provides reconciliations that are not presented elsewhere in this management’s discussion and analysis for certain non-IFRS measures to the most directly comparable IFRS measure for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017.

Reconciliation of earnings from continuing operations to adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA less capital expenditures

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars, except margins)    2018      2017      Change      2018      2017      Change  

Earnings from continuing operations

     142        47        202%        314        192        64%  

Adjustments to remove:

                 

Tax (benefit) expense

     (3)        15           24        26     

Other finance (income) costs

     (14)        60           (21)        88     

Net interest expense

     81        89           159        181     

Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets

     28        35           57        70     

Amortization of computer software

     100        93           198        189     

Depreciation

     29        34                 59        62           

EBITDA

     363        373           790        808     

Adjustments to remove:

                 

Share of post-tax (earnings) losses in equity method investments

     (2)        7           (4)        5     

Other operating (gains) losses, net

     (14)        1           (12)        (12)     

Fair value adjustments

     1        (1)                 4        (6)           

Adjusted EBITDA

     348        380        (8%)        778        795        (2%)  

Deduct: Capital expenditures

     (131)        (124)                 (310)        (232)           

Adjusted EBITDA less capital expenditures

     217        256        (15%)        468        563        (17%)  

Adjusted EBITDA margin

     26.5%        29.7%        (320)bp        28.9%        30.4%        (150)bp  

Adjusted EBITDA less capital expenditures margin

     16.6%        20.0%        (340)bp        17.4%        21.6%        (420)bp  

 

 

 

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Reconciliation of changes in segment and consolidated revenues, adjusted EBITDA and the related margin, and consolidated operating expenses and adjusted EPS, excluding the effects of foreign currency

 

      Three months ended June 30,  
                   Change  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    2018      2017      Total     

Foreign

  Currency

     Constant
Currency
 

Revenues

              

Legal

     882        858        3%        1%        2%  

Tax & Accounting

     359        350        3%        (1%)        4%  

Reuters News

     72        74        (3%)        2%        (5%)  

Eliminations

     (2)        (2)                             

Consolidated revenues

     1,311        1,280        2%        -        2%  

 

      Three months ended June 30,  
                   Change  
(millions of U.S. dollars, except margins)    2018      2017      Total      Foreign
Currency
     Constant
Currency
 

Adjusted EBITDA

              

Legal

     321        325        (1%)        1%        (2%)  

Tax & Accounting

     91        103        (12%)        (2%)        (10%)  

Reuters News

     8        9        (11%)        11%        (22%)  

Corporate

     (72)        (57)        n/a        n/a        n/a  

Consolidated adjusted EBITDA

     348        380        (8%)        -        (8%)  

Adjusted EBITDA Margin

              

Legal

     36.4%        37.9%        (150)bp        (10)bp        (140)bp  

Tax & Accounting

     25.3%        29.4%        (410)bp        (30)bp        (380)bp  

Reuters News

     11.1%        12.2%        (110)bp        100bp        (210)bp  

Corporate

     n/a        n/a        n/a        n/a        n/a  

Consolidated adjusted EBITDA margin

     26.5%        29.7%        (320)bp        (30)bp        (290)bp  

 

      Three months ended June 30,  
                   Change  
(millions of U.S. dollars, except per share amounts)    2018      2017      Total      Foreign
Currency
     Constant
Currency
 

Consolidated operating expenses

     964        899        7%        1%        6%  

Consolidated adjusted EPS

     $0.17        $0.19        (11%)        -        (11%)  

 

 

 

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Reconciliation of changes in segment and consolidated revenues, adjusted EBITDA and the related margin, and consolidated operating expenses and adjusted EPS, excluding the effects of foreign currency (continued)

 

      Six months ended June 30,  
                   Change  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    2018      2017      Total      Foreign
  Currency
     Constant
Currency
 

Revenues

              

Legal

     1,754        1,699        3%        1%        2%  

Tax & Accounting

     796        767        4%        -        4%  

Reuters News

     144        148        (3%)        3%        (6%)  

Eliminations

     (4)        (3)                             

Consolidated revenues

     2,690        2,611        3%        1%        2%  

 

      Six months ended June 30,  
                   Change  
(millions of U.S. dollars, except margins)    2018      2017      Total      Foreign
Currency
     Constant
Currency
 

Adjusted EBITDA

              

Legal

     640        639        -        -        -  

Tax & Accounting

     238        244        (2%)        (1%)        (1%)  

Reuters News

     16        22        (27%)        5%        (32%)  

Corporate

     (116)        (110)        n/a        n/a        n/a  

Consolidated adjusted EBITDA

     778        795        (2%)        -        (2%)  

Adjusted EBITDA Margin

              

Legal

     36.5%        37.6%        (110)bp        (10)bp        (100)bp  

Tax & Accounting

     29.9%        31.8%        (190)bp        (30)bp        (160)bp  

Reuters News

     11.1%        14.9%        (380)bp        30bp        (410)bp  

Corporate

     n/a        n/a        n/a        n/a        n/a  

Consolidated adjusted EBITDA margin

     28.9%        30.4%        (150)bp        (10)bp        (140)bp  

 

      Six months ended June 30,  
                   Change  
(millions of U.S. dollars, except per share amounts)    2018      2017      Total      Foreign
Currency
     Constant
Currency
 

Consolidated operating expenses

     1,916        1,810        6%        2%        4%  

Consolidated adjusted EPS

     $0.44        $0.44        -        -        -  

 

 

 

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Reconciliation of earnings from discontinued operations to Financial & Risk adjusted EBITDA

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars, except margins)    2018      2017      Change      2018      2017      Change  

Earnings from discontinued operations

     515        159        224%        32        328        (90%)  

Adjustments to remove:

                 

Tax expense (benefit)

     18        (10)           886        (12)     

Other finance (income) costs

     (5)        31           -        30     

Net interest expense

     2        6           6        7     

Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets

     -        85           28        169     

Amortization of computer software

     -        75           30        159     

Depreciation

     -        43                 14        87           

EBITDA

     530        389           996        768     

Adjustments to remove:

                 

Other operating losses, net

     19        20           60        29     

Fair value adjustments

     (83)        54           (65)        124     

IP & Science discontinued operations

     6        (5)                 7        (2)           

Financial & Risk discontinued operations adjusted EBITDA

     472        458        3%        998        919        9%  

Adjusted EBITDA margin

     30.4%        30.5%        (10)bp        31.8%        30.8%        100bp  

Reconciliation of operating cash flows from discontinued operations to Financial & Risk free cash flow

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    2018      2017      2018      2017  

Operating cash flows from discontinued operations

     451        444        661        473  

Remove: Operating cash flows - IP & Science discontinued operations

     -        8        -        49  

Capital expenditures from discontinued operations

     (138)        (117)        (246)        (222)  

Dividends paid to non-controlling interests from discontinued operations

     (24)        (22)        (35)        (31)  

Free cash flow - Financial & Risk discontinued operations

     289        313        380        269  

 

 

 

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Appendix C

Supplemental Financial Information (unaudited)

The following supplemental financial information provides revised 2017 full-year and quarterly business segment information excluding the Financial & Risk business, which was classified as a discontinued operation beginning in the first quarter of 2018. The information provided illustrates our business on a continuing operations basis. As it includes certain estimates, periods subsequent to June 30, 2017 are subject to revision until the proposed Financial & Risk transaction is completed.

Revised Business Segment Information (Excluding the Financial & Risk Segment)

 

      Year ended
December 31,
2017
     Adjustments      Year ended
December 31,
2017
 
(millions of U.S. dollars, except for per share amounts)    Previously
Reported
     Remove
Financial & Risk
Segment
Results
     Add Back
Retained
Businesses(3)
     Other
Adjustments(4)
     Revised
Excluding
Financial & Risk
 

Revenues

              

Financial & Risk

     6,112        (6,112)        -        -        -  

Legal

     3,390        -        69        -        3,459  

Tax & Accounting

     1,551        -        -        -        1,551  

Reuters News(1)

     296        -        -        -        296  

Eliminations

     (16)        7        -        -        (9)  

Revenues from continuing operations

     11,333        (6,105)        69        -        5,297  

Adjusted EBITDA(2)

              

Financial & Risk

     1,916        (1,916)        -        -        -  

Legal

     1,279        -        28        -        1,307  

Tax & Accounting

     495        -        -        -        495  

Reuters News(1)

     27        -        -        -        27  

Corporate

     (280)        -        -        36        (244)  

Consolidated adjusted EBITDA

     3,437        (1,916)        28        36        1,585  

Adjusted earnings(2)

              

Adjusted EBITDA

     3,437        (1,916)        28        36        1,585  

Depreciation and amortization of computer software

     (995)        581        (10)        (72)        (496)  

Adjustments:

              

Interest

     (362)        -        -        4        (358)  

Tax

     (205)        121        (2)        3        (83)  

Non-controlling interests

     (64)        -        -        64        -  

Dividends declared on preference shares

     (2)        -        -        -        (2)  

Adjusted earnings

     1,809        (1,214)        16        35        646  

Adjusted EPS(2)

     $2.51        (1.68)        0.02        0.05        $0.90  

 

(1)

Effective January 1, 2018, Reuters News is a reportable segment.

 

(2)

Refer to Appendix A for a definition of our non-IFRS measures. Refer to Appendix B of our management’s discussion and analysis in our 2017 annual report for a reconciliation of these non-IFRS financial measure to the most directly comparable IFRS measure.

 

(3)

Represents the Regulatory Intelligence and Compliance Learning businesses that will be retained by our Legal segment following the closing of the proposed Financial & Risk transaction.

 

(4)

Other adjustments include the following:

 

     

Adjusted EBITDA contains costs primarily for real estate optimization that relate to properties to be transferred with the Financial & Risk business.

 

     

Depreciation and amortization of computer software relates to assets that will not be transferred with the Financial & Risk business.

 

     

Non-controlling interests relates to third party shareholdings in Tradeweb that will be transferred with the Financial & Risk business.

 

 

 

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Revised Business Segment Information (Excluding the Financial & Risk Segment) (continued)

 

              2017          
(millions of U.S. dollars, except per share amounts and margins)   

First

Quarter

     Second
Quarter
    

Third

Quarter

     Fourth
Quarter
     Year ended
December 31,
 

Revenues

              

Legal

     841        858        860        900        3,459  

Tax & Accounting

     417        350        341        443        1,551  

Reuters News

     74        74        73        75        296  

Eliminations

     (1)        (2)        (2)        (4)        (9)  

Revenues from continuing operations

     1,331        1,280        1,272        1,414        5,297  

Adjusted EBITDA(1)

              

Legal

     314        325        345        323        1,307  

Tax & Accounting

     141        103        95        156        495  

Reuters News

     13        9        7        (2)        27  

Corporate

     (53)        (57)        (60)        (74)        (244)  

Consolidated adjusted EBITDA

     415        380        387        403        1,585  

Adjusted earnings(1)

              

Adjusted EBITDA

     415        380        387        403        1,585  

Depreciation and amortization of computer software

     (124)        (127)        (117)        (128)        (496)  

Adjustments:

              

Interest

     (92)        (89)        (89)        (88)        (358)  

Tax

     (18)        (24)        (1)        (40)        (83)  

Dividends declared on preference shares

     (1)        -        (1)        -        (2)  

Adjusted earnings

     180        140        179        147        646  

Adjusted EPS(1)

     $0.25        $0.19        $0.25        $0.21        $0.90  

Adjusted EBITDA margin(1)

              

Legal

     37.3%        37.9%        40.1%        35.9%        37.8%  

Tax & Accounting

     33.8%        29.4%        27.9%        35.2%        31.9%  

Reuters News

     17.6%        12.2%        9.6%        n/m        9.1%  

Corporate

     n/a        n/a        n/a        n/a        n/a  

Consolidated adjusted EBITDA margin

     31.2%        29.7%        30.4%        28.5%        29.9%  

 

(1)

Refer to Appendix A for a definition of our non-IFRS measures.

 

 

 

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The following supplemental information provides our consolidated income statement and segment information for the years ending December 31, 2017 and 2016, as previously reported and as revised to reflect our Financial & Risk business as a discontinued operation. This information includes certain estimates and is subject to revision until the proposed Financial & Risk transaction is completed.

Consolidated Income Statement

 

      Year ended December 31, 2017      Year ended December 31, 2016  
(millions of U.S. dollars, except per share amounts)    Previously
Reported
     Adjustments(1)      Revised      Previously
Reported
     Adjustments(1)      Revised  

CONTINUING OPERATIONS

                   

Revenues

     11,333        (6,036)        5,297        11,166        (5,983)        5,183  

Operating expenses

     (8,079)        4,372        (3,707)        (8,232)        4,391        (3,841)  

Depreciation

     (296)        173        (123)        (313)        168        (145)  

Amortization of computer software

     (699)        326        (373)        (711)        337        (374)  

Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets

     (468)        331        (137)        (528)        342        (186)  

Other operating (losses) gains, net

     (36)        84        48        8        28        36  

Operating profit

     1,755        (750)        1,005        1,390        (717)        673  

Finance costs, net

                   

Net interest expense

     (362)        4        (358)        (403)        (1)        (404)  

Other finance (costs) income

     (203)        33        (170)        50        23        73  

Income before tax and equity method investments

     1,190        (713)        477        1,037        (695)        342  

Share of post-tax (losses) earnings in equity method investments

     (2)        (2)        (4)        4        (2)        2  

Tax benefit (expense)

     274        (136)        138        15        (23)        (8)  

Earnings from continuing operations

     1,462        (851)        611        1,056        (720)        336  

(Loss) earnings from discontinued operations, net of tax

     (3)        851        848        2,093        720        2,813  

Net earnings

     1,459        -        1,459        3,149        -        3,149  

Earnings attributable to:

                   

Common shareholders

     1,395        -        1,395        3,098        -        3,098  

Non-controlling interests

     64        -        64        51        -        51  
 

Earnings per share

                   

Basic earnings per share

                   

From continuing operations

     $1.94        $(1.09)        $0.85        $1.34        $(0.89)      $ 0.45  

From discontinued operations

     -        1.09        1.09        2.80        0.89        3.69  

Basic earnings per share

     $1.94        -        $1.94        $4.14        -        $4.14  
 

Diluted earnings per share

                   

From continuing operations

     $1.94        $(1.09)        $0.85        $1.34        $(0.89)      $ 0.45  

From discontinued operations

     -        1.09        1.09        2.79        0.89        3.68  

Diluted earnings per share

     $1.94        -        $1.94        $4.13        -        $4.13  

 

(1)

Adjustments include the reclassification of our Financial & Risk business to discontinued operations, except for the Regulatory Intelligence and Compliance Learning businesses that will be retained by our Legal segment following the closing of the proposed Financial & Risk transaction.

 

 

 

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Segment Information

 

      Year ended December 31, 2017      Year ended December 31, 2016  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    Previously
Reported
     Adjustments(1)      Revised      Previously
Reported
     Adjustments(1)      Revised  

Revenues

                   

Financial & Risk

     6,112        (6,112)        -        6,057        (6,057)        -  

Legal

     3,390        69        3,459        3,367        69        3,436  

Tax & Accounting

     1,551        -        1,551        1,452        -        1,452  

Reuters News

     296        -        296        304        -        304  

Eliminations

     (16)        7        (9)        (14)        5        (9)  

Consolidated revenues

     11,333        (6,036)        5,297        11,166        (5,983)        5,183  
 

Adjusted EBITDA

                   

Financial & Risk

     1,916        (1,916)        -        1,629        (1,629)        -  

Legal

     1,279        28        1,307        1,232        27        1,259  

Tax & Accounting

     495        -        495        414        -        414  

Reuters News

     27        -        27        15        -        15  

Corporate

     (280)        36        (244)        (336)        15        (321)  

Adjusted EBITDA

     3,437        (1,852)        1,585        2,954        (1,587)        1,367  

Fair value adjustments

     (183)        188        5        (20)        (5)        (25)  

Depreciation

     (296)        173        (123)        (313)        168        (145)  

Amortization of computer software

     (699)        326        (373)        (711)        337        (374)  

Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets

     (468)        331        (137)        (528)        342        (186)  

Other operating (losses) gains, net

     (36)        84        48        8        28        36  

Consolidated operating profit

     1,755        (750)        1,005        1,390        (717)        673  

Net interest expense

     (362)        4        (358)        (403)        (1)        (404)  

Other finance (costs) income

     (203)        33        (170)        50        23        73  

Share of post-tax (losses) earnings in equity method investments

     (2)        (2)        (4)        4        (2)        2  

Tax benefit (expense)

     274        (136)        138        15        (23)        (8)  

Earnings from continuing operations

     1,462        (851)        611        1,056        (720)        336  

 

(1)

Adjustments relate to the reclassification of Financial & Risk to discontinued operations, including the reclassification of the Regulatory Intelligence and Compliance Learning businesses from Financial & Risk to our Legal Segment, where it will be retained following the closing of the proposed Financial & Risk transaction.

Appendix D

Depreciation and amortization of computer software by segment

 

      Three months ended June 30,      Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    2018      2017      2018      2017  

Legal

     65        63        128        127  

Tax & Accounting

     37        32        74        64  

Reuters News

     4        5        8        9  

Corporate

     23        27        47        51  

Total

     129        127        257        251  

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

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Appendix E

Quarterly information (unaudited)

The following table presents a summary of our consolidated operating results for the eight most recent quarters.

 

     Quarters ended  
(millions of U.S. dollars, except per share
amounts)
  June 30,
2018
    March 31,
2018
    December 31,
2017
    September 30,
2017
    June 30,
2017
    March 31,
2017
    December 31,
2016
    September 30,
2016
 

Revenues

    1,311       1,379       1,414       1,272       1,280       1,331       1,372       1,247  

Operating profit

    204       268       242       271       218       274       181       182  

Earnings from continuing operations

    142       172       292       127       47       145       181       73  

Earnings (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

    515       (483)       299       221       159       169       2,060       213  

Net earnings (loss)

    657       (311)       591       348       206       314       2,241       286  

Earnings (loss) attributable to common shareholders

    625       (339)       576       330       192       297       2,226       273  
                                                                 

Basic earnings (loss) per share

               

From continuing operations

  $ 0.20       $0.24       $                0.41       $                0.18       $       0.07       $         0.20     $ 0.25     $ 0.10  

From discontinued operations

    0.68       (0.72)       0.40       0.28       0.20       0.21       2.79       0.27  
    $ 0.88     $ (0.48)       $                 0.81       $                 0.46       $       0.27       $         0.41     $ 3.04     $ 0.37  

Diluted earnings (loss) per share

               

From continuing operations

  $ 0.20       $0.24       $                0.41       $                0.18       $       0.07       $         0.20     $ 0.25     $ 0.10  

From discontinued operations

    0.68       (0.72)       0.40       0.28       0.20       0.21       2.78       0.26  
    $ 0.88     $ (0.48)       $                 0.81       $                 0.46       $       0.27       $         0.41     $ 3.03     $ 0.36  

Revenues - Our revenues do not tend to be significantly impacted by seasonality as we record a large portion of our revenues ratably over a contract term. However, our revenues in the fourth quarter tend to be slightly higher than in each of the first three quarters of the year due to the release of certain print-based offerings in our Legal segment and higher revenues from certain tax products in our Tax & Accounting segment. Our revenues were not significantly impacted by foreign currency or acquisitions throughout the eight-quarter period.

Operating profit - Similarly, our operating profit does not tend to be significantly impacted by seasonality. A majority of our operating expenses are fixed. As a result, when our revenues increase, we become more profitable, and when our revenues decline, we become less profitable. Additionally, our operating profit is impacted by timing of our investment spending in our businesses, including those to improve customer experience and reposition our business following the proposed strategic partnership transaction with Financial & Risk, as well as gains or losses on the sales of certain equity investments.

Net earnings (loss) - The increase in net earnings in the second quarter of 2018 was due to higher net earnings from the Financial & Risk business, which is classified as a discontinued operation. Net earnings from Financial & Risk increased primarily because Financial & Risk assets held for sale are not depreciated. Earnings from discontinued operations also included a significant benefit of fair value adjustments associated with foreign currency derivatives embedded in certain Financial & Risk customer contracts. The net loss in the first quarter of 2018 was due to an $844 million deferred tax charge associated with the proposed sale of a 55% interest in our Financial & Risk business. The increase in net earnings in the fourth quarter of 2017 compared to the first three quarters of the year was due to $304 million of tax benefits resulting from the enactment of the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. The fourth quarter of 2016 included a $2.0 billion gain on the sale of our IP & Science business.

 

 

 

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EXHIBIT 99.2 - UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

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Exhibit 99.2

THOMSON REUTERS CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENT

(unaudited)

 

             Three months ended June 30,     Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars, except per share amounts)    Notes     2018     2017     2018     2017  

CONTINUING OPERATIONS

          

Revenues

     3       1,311       1,280       2,690       2,611  

Operating expenses

     6       (964)       (899)       (1,916)       (1,810)  

Depreciation

       (29)       (34)       (59)       (62)  

Amortization of computer software

       (100)       (93)       (198)       (189)  

Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets

       (28)       (35)       (57)       (70)  

Other operating gains (losses), net

     7       14       (1)       12       12  

Operating profit

       204       218       472       492  

Finance costs, net:

          

Net interest expense

     8       (81)       (89)       (159)       (181)  

Other finance income (costs)

     8       14       (60)       21       (88)  

Income before tax and equity method investments

       137       69       334       223  

Share of post-tax earnings (losses) in equity method investments

       2       (7)       4       (5)  

Tax benefit (expense)

     9       3       (15)       (24)       (26)  

Earnings from continuing operations

       142       47       314       192  

Earnings from discontinued operations, net of tax

     10       515       159       32       328  

Net earnings

             657       206       346       520  

Earnings attributable to:

          

Common shareholders

       625       192       286       489  

Non-controlling interests

       32       14       60       31  

Earnings (loss) per share:

     11          

Basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share:

          

From continuing operations

       $0.20       $0.07       $0.44       $0.26  

From discontinued operations

             0.68       0.20       (0.04)       0.41  

Basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share

             $0.88       $0.27       $0.40       $0.67  

The related notes form an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

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THOMSON REUTERS CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(unaudited)

 

            Three months ended June 30,     Six months ended June 30,  
(millions of U.S. dollars)   Notes     2018     2017     2018     2017  

Net earnings

            657       206       346       520  

Other comprehensive (loss) income:

         

Items that have been or may be subsequently reclassified to net earnings:

         

Cash flow hedges adjustments to net earnings

    8       28       (37)       68       (44)  

Cash flow hedges adjustments to equity

      (30)       22       (58)       31  

Foreign currency translation adjustments to equity

            (360)       251       (201)       384  
              (362)       236       (191)       371  

Items that will not be reclassified to net earnings:

         

Remeasurement on defined benefit pension plans

      65       16       111       20  

Related tax expense on remeasurement on defined benefit pension plans

            (15)       (6)       (27)       (11)  
              50       10       84       9  

Other comprehensive (loss) income

            (312)       246       (107)       380  

Total comprehensive income

            345       452       239       900  

Comprehensive income (loss) for the period attributable to:

         

Common shareholders:

         

Continuing operations

      74       69       223       233  

Discontinued operations

      239       369       (44)       636  

Non-controlling interests - discontinued operations

            32       14       60       31  

Total comprehensive income

            345       452       239       900  

The related notes form an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

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THOMSON REUTERS CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL POSITION

(unaudited)

 

              June 30,      December 31,  
(millions of U.S. dollars)    Notes      2018      2017  

Cash and cash equivalents

     12        879        874  

Trade and other receivables

        856        1,457  

Other financial assets

     12        48        98  

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

              380        548  

Current assets excluding assets held for sale

        2,163        2,977  

Assets held for sale